Experimenting with a plan for the web development process | by Arno Pretorius | June 2022

Lay out a blueprint for approaching the web development process.

picture by AltumCode on Unsplash

Before you start coding your website, you should know or at least have a general idea of ​​what you plan to create. Remember that your idea doesn’t need to be fully formed just yet, it will become clearer as you work on it, but what you need is some basic direction for where you want your website to go.

Here are some questions you should think about:

o What is your vision for your website?

o Who is your audience?

o What is your website type?

o What should the UI/UX be?

o How much money do you have?

These questions will help you better understand what you are trying to develop. This will give you more reach and start growing your idea, like a seed.

Before designing a website, it is useful to design a sketch or wired as the developers call it. This plan is simply a vision for you to start your website. You can draw it physically by hand or use online software, maybe one that has a whiteboard where you can outline all your ideas.

Here are some questions you should think about:

o What web pages do you need for your website?

o Navigation and links between these web pages?

o How to best organize your website, considering the UX?

o What and how will the content be organized?

o How to make the website as simple as possible? (Simplicity is imperative)

These questions will help you better understand what you are trying to develop. This will give you more reach and start growing your idea, like a seed.

The third step in website development is to write the code for your website. You will need to learn and use different programming languages, which will be integrated into your front-end and back-end.

For the front end of your website, you will need to use the following languages:

or HTML

or CSS

JavaScript

HTML is known as Hyper Text Signage Language. It is used to design the layout and structure of web content on the website.

CSS is known as Cascading Style Sheets. It is the language used to style an HTML document, for example by adding fonts, colors and spaces.

JavaScript is used to provide the user/customer with a rich user experience, making web pages interactive and thereby engaging the user.

For the background of your website, you can choose from a wide variety of languages ​​that can be used to program your server, some examples of languages ​​you might use include, but are not limited to:

o Python

oJava

or C#

or PHP

The back-end of your website will provide the overall functionality of your website and ensure that your front-end is functional for your customers.

The back-end of a website is divided into two areas:

Database

o Separate

The database is responsible for storing, managing, searching and processing the data so that it can later be retrieved by the server.

A waiter is used to send, process and obtain data requests. A server acts as the so-called middleman between the database and the client. The server handles requests made by the client to the database and then back to the client.

Presentation of the backend:

Your website application code will need to be coded in a high-level programming language, such as PHP, Python on Java.

A database is needed to store all your data entered and submitted by your users. Here are examples of databases that can be used: MySQL or PostgreSQL.

Once your application is complete, it will need to be deployed and hosted. In the past, websites were hosted on traditional servers, but with the rise of cloud computing, now you can host your website on Heroku or AWS. AWS would be the most reliable solution, although it will take some time to learn the required services and its infrastructure.

Depending on the nature of your website, it may not be necessary to learn back-end development and only front-end development. If your website is just used to present information to your customers and to inform them about something, there is no need to use back-end technologies. If however, you need to get user input and use their data, you would need to use a database to store this information and manipulate it, which would require server-side knowledge.

Before you think about rolling out your website and putting it live, there are a few things you need to keep in mind.

You will need to ensure that:

o You have thoroughly tested your website for any bugs or issues

o You have followed cybersecurity principles and secured your application code

o You have optimized your SEO

o You purchased a domain name from AWS, GoDaddy or Hover

o You have secured your database and server

If you are new to web development or trying to master your web development skills, you can always learn more. There are plenty of free resources on the internet on anything you want to learn or “refresh”.

There are several web development courses and online courses you can enroll in.

Organizations that help developers learn web development include:

o Khan Academy

o Treehouse

or Udemy

or youtube

o freeCodeCamp

Sometimes you will have a unique problem that you will struggle to solve while you are debugging your code, the best way to solve this problem is to read about it and see if there are people who are facing the same problem or a similar problem as you. If so, be sure to check:

o Stack overflow

or Reddit

These sites will give you useful information on how to solve your problem.

When you start programming, you should know a few tools that you will need to use, such as:

or GitHub

o A source code editor

GitHub is software used for version control using GIT. You link your project to GitHub and push (send) updates to your code to GitHub which stores your code. This is useful for better managing your code and can also become useful when you deploy your application code.

A rich source code editor is needed to write and debug your website code. This is where you will write your code and make any necessary changes each time. The best editor in my opinion would be either VS Code or Sublime text.

You can build a website yourself with just the basic front-end technologies along with a server-side programming language, but the best solution in today’s era would be to use a web framework.

A web framework is an out-of-the-box platform that provides you with a base layer that allows you to build code on it, while the framework just gives you the base.

Popular backend frameworks to understand:

o Django (Python-based)

o Spring (Java-based)

o Ruby on Rails (based on Ruby)

o Laravel (based on PHP)

These are just a few examples of good back-end web development frameworks.

Django is one of the best back-end frameworks to use as it is very efficient, reliable, simple and secure. It uses Python programming language. Some back-end frameworks offer an all-in-one solution, where you can combine both your front-end and back-end code, Django also offers this use.

Spring is based on the Java programming language. Spring is rather complex and has a steep learning curve, however, it is very flexible and contains a wide variety of libraries to help developers, and is highly secure due to frequent updates that are made.

Rubies on rails is an old-school favorite that’s still hugely popular today. Based on the Ruby programming language. Since it’s an old favorite, it has allowed it to grow a huge and active community, providing support for developers of all skill levels – from juniors to senior developers.

Laravel is a PHP web framework. It has outstanding documentation and gives the developer the ability to implement reverse routing, however, there is a lack of continuity between versions four and five. This is an issue that can break your application once you update your code.

Popular front end frameworks to understand:

o React.js

o Angular.js

o Vue.js

React.js is an open-source framework that was developed and is currently maintained by Facebook. It is the most popular user interface (UI) framework in use today. Uses a virtual DOM (Document Object Model) which improves the user experience and simplifies the work of the developer.

Angular.js is another front-end framework developed by Google. It has a very large ecosystem, has high performance, and its coding procedure is much easier due to improved navigation and refactoring.

Vue.js is not as well supported as the other two frameworks, but it is becoming increasingly popular. It is extremely simple to learn and understand. It also provides very clear and simple documentation.

Always be lively and open to new ideas and aspire to expand your knowledge. The best way to do this is to research as much as you can and on your own initiative.

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Originally posted on https://www.cloudwithdjango.com June 27, 2022.

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About Irene S. Stroupe

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